General Medicine

Which diseases can the GP treat?

This healthcare professional is qualified to treat a variety of illnesses and only needs to refer patients when a specialist doctor is required, that is, when the problem is very specific. An appointment with the GP covers the following:


Pre-operative assessment for a variety of operations
Physical activity assessment and advice about physical exercise
Mild to moderate obesity
Nutritional advice
High blood pressure Diabetes
Testing and treatment of mild cardiac diseases
Dyslipidaemia (high cholesterol)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Bowel infections
Urinary tract infections
Skin and fungal infections
Lung infections
Oropharyngeal infections
Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism
Anxiety disorders
Immunisation advice
Other health problems…

What is the role of a GP?

The most distinctive feature of GPs is that they are able to monitor their patients throughout their lives, thoroughly understanding their medical history whilst considering broader contexts, such as psychological, social and family issues. GPs are often able to help patients better understand a specialist’s plan and answer questions about the use of a variety of medicines prescribed by different specialists. Nowadays, their work is also very important in patients with complex situations who need to be followed up by various specialists; the GP can advise the specialists, telling them about the patients’ conditions and incorporating their plans and medications.


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